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Cold-Related Emergencies: Staying Warm and Safe in Canadian Winters

posted by Victory Safety    |   November 15, 2018 16:02
Winter does not just bring snow and cold temperatures, it also brings enjoyable winter activities such as skiing, ice skating, snowmobiling, sledding, ice fishing, and snowshoeing. While these activities create lasting winter memories, they also have the potential to cause injury. It is important for everyone enjoying the outdoors to know how to recognize when someone has been exposed to cold for too long, prevent cold-related emergencies, and be able to provide help when needed.Take a Red Cross Standard First Aid class to know what t do and not do. Prevention Cover your head and trunk by wearing a hat and layers of tightly woven fabrics such as wool or synthetics. Cover up exposed areas such as your fingers, cheeks, ears, and nose. If your clothes get wet when you are in the cold, change into dry clothes as soon as possible. Drink plenty of warm fluids to help your body stay warm, but avoid caffeine and alcohol. Recognizing when someone is suffering from a cold-related emergency When a person is exposed to cold temperatures it may result in a decrease in body temperature, which is called a cold-related emergency. Hypothermia, one type of emergency, can happen to anyone who is exposed to cold temperatures for too long, and it can be life threatening. Mild hypothermia – Shivering and complaining of cold, numbness in fingers and toes, body temperature slightly below normal. Moderate hypothermia – Shivering, numbness in fingers and toes, lack of coordination and/or speech, confused or unusual behaviour, impaired judgment. Severe – Person has stopped shivering and complaining of cold, lack of coordination and/or speech, confused or unusual behaviour, impaired judgment, glassy stare, body temperature below 30°C, breathing has slowed down or stopped, possible unconsciousness. Frostbite Frostbite is a serious condition in which body tissues freeze. It happens most often in the fingers, toes, ears, and nose. It often starts as skin that is paler than usual and then progresses to a white waxy appearance. How to help Call EMS/9-1-1 for severe hypothermia. Treat the person gently and monitor breathing carefully. Get the person away from the cold and into shelter. Remove any wet clothing and gently dry the person. Warm the person by wrapping him or her in blankets or putting on dry clothing. Cover the head and neck. Warm the person slowly. If hot water bottles or heating pads are available put them under armpits, around the groin and back of the neck being careful not to burn these areas. Do not rub areas that appear to be affected by frostbite. If the person is alert, give him or her sips of warm liquids to drink. Active re-warming such as hot baths should be used only when the person is far from a medical facility. Outdoor temperatures and wind chill readings Wind chill is a term used by weather forecasters to tell us how much colder the wind makes unprotected skin feel. Wind doesn’t change the temperature outside, but it affects our skin temperature. A person will feel it’s colder because the wind steals body heat by blowing away the warm air that surrounds the skin.

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Safe Winter Driving

posted by Victory Safety    |   November 13, 2018 12:29
Safe Winter Driving Every year, winter weather is a factor in thousands of preventable motor vehicle collisions. Defensive driving and adjusting driving to the road conditions are key. It’s also important to recognize hazards on the road and leave plenty of time to react and respond so you remain in control of your vehicle. Tips Prepare your vehicle in advance and make sure to keep it stocked with emergency supplies. Take care of seasonal maintenance in the fall. Invest in a full set of winter tires and keep them on your car for the duration of the season. Winter tires are not just for snow, they are designed to perform better and give you improved traction in cold temperatures. Check tire air pressure frequently, as it decreases in cold weather. Keep essential supplies in your vehicle – a first aid kit, flashlight, blanket, small shovel, sand/kitty litter (for traction), booster cables, extra windshield fluid, a snow brush/ice scraper, an extra set of mittens or gloves, warm hat and boots. Keep your gas tank at least half-full at all times throughout winter. Carry a fully-charged cell phone and use it only when safe. Do not use while driving unless your device is hands-free. Make sure you check the weather before you head out. If you decide to drive, make sure you can see properly and be seen, and always let snowplows through. Listen to the weather report before you head out and beware of conditions such as blizzards and black ice, which are especially treacherous to drive in. Avoid driving in bad weather whenever possible, particularly when visibility and road conditions are compromised. Make sure you can see properly and be seen by others by clearing your car of all snow and ice, and turning your lights on when visibility is poor. Clear all windows, lights, mirrors, and the roof before you set out. Never pass a snowplow—stay well back for your own safety and to allow them to do their job. It is extremely dangerous to pass either between or around snowplows, and the road surface is always better behind the plow than in front of it. If you get stuck or stranded, don’t panic. Stay with your vehicle for safety and warmth, and call for help. Slow down and make sure to control skids properly. It takes longer to stop on snow-covered or icy roads—reduce your speed and leave ample distance between your vehicle and the one in front of you. Allow extra travel time to your destination and extra time and space to change lanes and turn safely. Slow down enough to avoid any abrupt turns or stops, which can result in a skid. In a skid, drivers need to act contrary to their instincts, steer into the skid and accelerate to regain control of their vehicle. Take a Red Cross first aid class to learn what to do if you find yourself in an emergency on the road.

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Flu Prevention

posted by Victory Safety    |   November 1, 2018 15:32
With the change of seasons comes a renewed focus on the flu and the ways we can protect ourselves against infection. Influenza is a highly contagious viral infection. Those that are generally healthy will experience symptoms to varying degrees and recover fully in a week to ten days. But for young children, the elderly or those with a chronic illness, the flu can be life-threatening. Preventing infection in the first place is key. The flu can cause serious health risks, and sometimes even death due to complications. A person with the flu is also at risk of other infections like pneumonia, an infection of the lungs. In Canada your risk of getting the flu is higher in the: late fall winter Your risk is lower the rest of the year.* The flu is ranked among the top 10 leading causes of death in Canada. Each year in Canada, the flu causes an estimated: 12,200 hospital stays 3,500 deaths* There are many variations of the viruses that cause the flu, and they also change over time. Based on viral strains or families, vaccines can be developed for use against infection. As these strains change somewhat each year, the vaccine is updated annually. Viruses are spread through direct contact (within one to two metres, airborne transmission) or indirect contact (surfaces). Signs and symptoms of the seasonal flu vary from one person to another but usually include a combination of: Fever Headache Fatigue and feeling weak Sore throat Cough Muscle aches and pains Runny, stuffy nose Chest discomfort, coughing Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea can also occur. Most cases of the flu tend to be mild. However, if you do not start to feel better after a few days or if your symptoms get worse, please consult your health care provider. Prevention Wash your hands often, using plenty of soap and warm water. Germs can live on surfaces for up to 48 hours. Clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand sanitizer often throughout the day. Disinfect common surfaces in your home such as doorknobs and light switches. At work, disinfect items such as your keyboard and telephone. Cover your mouth when you cough, and sneeze into a tissue or the inside of your sleeve or elbow, not your hands. Keep your hands away from your eyes, nose and mouth to keep germs from entering your body. If you become sick, stay at home. This will prevent the spread of germs to other employees in your workplace as well as people you may come into contact with through your daily routine. Talk to your health care provider about the annual flu shot and if that would be the right option for you and your family. Proper hand-washing technique: Take off your jewellery. Wet your hand with warm running water. Apply some soap and create a lather by rubbing your hands together. Wash all parts of each hand. Rub your hands together vigorously for at least 30 seconds. Rinse your hands under warm running water. Leave the water running while you dry your hands. Dry your hands with a clean disposable towel. Using the towel as a barrier, turn the faucet off and open the door, then throw the towel into the garbage. If someone in your family gets sick: Designate one person as the caregiver. Avoid sharing personal items (such as towels, sheets, food, eating utensils) unless they are properly cleaned after each use. Disinfect surfaces in the home that are frequently touched: doorknobs, switches, computers, telephones, toys etc. Wear disposable gloves when in contact with or cleaning up bodily fluids. Cause/Symptom Influenza Common Cold Cough Common and can be severe Mild to moderate hacking cough Fever Can be sudden and high and last for days Rare Sore throat If it occurs, can be very painful Can be scratchy and painful General aches and pains Common and affects the whole body Can occur and are mild Nasal discharge Can occur and is usually clear Usually occurs along with nasal congestion Headache Can occur and be severe Rare, but may present if you are congested Duration On average 10 days On average five to seven days but can last two weeks Other common symptoms Tiredness, weakness, chills Sneezing * Source: https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/diseases/flu-influenza/prevention-risks.html

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CAUSE OF INJURY OR LOSS: When lowering (or raising) wings for rig-out, fall protection was not worn. No engineered fall protection system on substructure.

posted by Victory Safety    |   May 31, 2018 09:59

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First Aid Tips Heat-related emergencies

posted by Victory Safety    |   May 31, 2018 09:59
Heat-related emergencies occur when the body becomes dehydrated, which may result in an increased body temperature. Heat cramps, heat exhaustion, or heat stroke, can happen to anyone who stays in the summer heat and sun for too long. Young children, the elderly, those with chronic illnesses such as heart disease, and those taking certain medications can become ill in hot, humid weather faster than healthy adults. It is important for everyone enjoying the outdoors to know how to prevent heat emergencies, recognize when someone has been in the heat for too long, and be able to provide help when needed. The Signs and Symptoms of Heat-Related Emergencies Cramps or muscle tightening, usually in the legs and abdomen but they can be in other parts of the body Headache Nausea Dizziness, weakness, and feeling faint Skin that is redder or paler than usual, or moist skin Rapid shallow breathing Irritable, bizarre, or aggressive behaviour How to Help Move the person to a cooler location Give the person cool water to drink in sips Have the person loosen any tight clothing Fan the person Put cool water on the person’s skin If the person’s condition is severe, put covered ice packs in each armpit and on the back of the person’s neck Call for help (EMS/9-1-1) When you’re hot you sweat more than normal, so you need to drink more to replace the water your body is losing. Drink plenty of cool fluids, even if you do not feel thirsty, but avoid caffeine and alcohol. They can cause dehydration, which stops your body from controlling its temperature properly. Preventing Heat-Related Emergencies Drink plenty of cool fluids — this is the most important step you can take. Avoid being outside during the hottest part of the day. Know the humidex rating — it combines the temperature and humidity to indicate how hot, humid weather feels to the average person. Wear light, loose clothing to let air circulate and heat escape and always wear a hat. Apply sunscreen (with SPF 15 or higher) as sunburned skin reduces the body’s ability to cool itself. Slow down your activities as it gets hotter and don’t work, exercise, or play for too long at a time. Take a lot of breaks in a cool or shady area to let your body cool off. This will help if you do need to be outside when it’s really hot.

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First Aid Tips Heat-related emergencies

posted by Victory Safety    |   May 31, 2018 09:45
Heat-related emergencies occur when the body becomes dehydrated, which may result in an increased body temperature. Heat cramps, heat exhaustion, or heat stroke, can happen to anyone who stays in the summer heat and sun for too long. Young children, the elderly, those with chronic illnesses such as heart disease, and those taking certain medications can become ill in hot, humid weather faster than healthy adults. It is important for everyone enjoying the outdoors to know how to prevent heat emergencies, recognize when someone has been in the heat for too long, and be able to provide help when needed. The Signs and Symptoms of Heat-Related Emergencies Cramps or muscle tightening, usually in the legs and abdomen but they can be in other parts of the body Headache Nausea Dizziness, weakness, and feeling faint Skin that is redder or paler than usual, or moist skin Rapid shallow breathing Irritable, bizarre, or aggressive behaviour How to Help Move the person to a cooler location Give the person cool water to drink in sips Have the person loosen any tight clothing Fan the person Put cool water on the person’s skin If the person’s condition is severe, put covered ice packs in each armpit and on the back of the person’s neck Call for help (EMS/9-1-1) When you’re hot you sweat more than normal, so you need to drink more to replace the water your body is losing. Drink plenty of cool fluids, even if you do not feel thirsty, but avoid caffeine and alcohol. They can cause dehydration, which stops your body from controlling its temperature properly. Preventing Heat-Related Emergencies Drink plenty of cool fluids — this is the most important step you can take. Avoid being outside during the hottest part of the day. Know the humidex rating — it combines the temperature and humidity to indicate how hot, humid weather feels to the average person. Wear light, loose clothing to let air circulate and heat escape and always wear a hat. Apply sunscreen (with SPF 15 or higher) as sunburned skin reduces the body’s ability to cool itself. Slow down your activities as it gets hotter and don’t work, exercise, or play for too long at a time. Take a lot of breaks in a cool or shady area to let your body cool off. This will help if you do need to be outside when it’s really hot.

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Safety Program Development

posted by Victory Safety    |   May 17, 2018 10:23

Victory Safety and Training is now offering Safety Program Development/Assessment to help you ensure your company is compliant with applicable regulations. If your company may require these services or you would like to know more please give us a call to book your assessment.

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Confidential, Personal Testing

posted by Victory Safety    |   May 3, 2018 15:50
Confidential, Personal Testing When you need to know the truth, plain and simple. We fully appreciate the issues around privacy and timing. Every case is managed in a professional, confidential, non-judgmental manner. We book same-day appointments.

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General Mine Safety Awareness (GMSA) is a 24-hour training

posted by Victory Safety    |   May 3, 2018 15:31
Mine Safety Classroom Training General Mine Safety Awareness (GMSA) is a 24-hour training course required for any contractor working on a mine site in Saskatchewan as of June 30, 2018. This is a Saskatchewan Mining Association (SMA) requirement. The program provides an overview of mine safety through 13 modules: 1. Saskatchewan Mining Regulations Employment Act 2. Hazard recognition 3. Personal protective equipment 4. Safe use of hand and power tools 5. Safe use of scaffolding and ladders 6. Controlled energy 7. Fire safety 8. Environmental safety 9. Reporting incidents 10. Ground control awareness 11. Self-rescue techniques 12. Asbestos awareness 13. Fit for duty and drug and alcohol testing The course is delivered over three days. Additional courses may be scheduled according to demand.

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General Mine Safety Awareness classes are filling up fast BOOK YOUR SPOT SOON

posted by Victory Safety    |   April 27, 2018 19:49

Get a head start to work on the mine sites by getting your GMSA class ahead of the rush. Classes in Saskatoon, Esterhazy, Regina or your location if you have a group. For more information give us a call

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